Check Your Numbers

Check Your Numbers

Check Your NumbersWater: How Much is Enough?

The National Academies Institute of Medicine reviewed years of
research evidence on adequate water intake and has the following recommendations:

  • Men: 13 cups (about 10.5 cups from beverages)
  • Women: 9 cups (about 7 cups from beverages)
  • Pregnant Women: 10 cups (about 8 cups from beverages)
  • Breastfeeding Women: 13 cups (about 10.5 cups from beverages)

SaltSalt: How Much Is Too Much?

The National Academies Institute of Medicine sets the recommended dietary intakes of all nutrients, including sodium. The daily adequate intake (DAI) of sodium is based on the amount needed by an average person who is good health.

According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2015, certain groups of people should limit their sodium intake to less than 1,500 milligrams per day:
People with high blood pressure
People with kidney disease
Everyone over the age of fifty

All others should stay under 2,300 milligrams per day, which is not easy if you eat any processed foods at all, even some that are otherwise good for you.

Important Health Numbers

  • The American Heart Association (AHA) suggests that otherwise healthy individuals who drink should do so in moderation. That’s defined as one to two drinks per day for men and one drink per day for women. And be careful with that pour: The AHA defines a drink as one 12-ounce beer, a 4-ounce glass of wine, 1.5 ounce of 80-proof spirits, or 1 ounce of 100-proof spirits.
  • A normal resting heart rate is between 60 and 100 beats per minute. Check yours by finding your wrist’s pulse, counting the beats in a 15-second period, then multiplying by four.
  • Men should have a waist circumference of less than 40 inches. The figure for women is less than 35 inches.
  • People with BMIs less than 18.5 are underweight. Target BMI range is between 18.5 and 24.9. Overweight is considered between 25 and 30, and a BMI above 30 puts you in the obese category.
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