Colorectal cancer: Causes & Treatment
Colorectal cancer, also known as colon cancer, rectal cancer, or bowel cancer is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum. It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Colorectal cancer is one of the common cancers that may occur due to many causes.
COLORECTAL CANCER: CAUSES
Diseases like Ulcerative Colitis
COLORECTAL CANCER: RISK FACTORS
Eating Red or processed meat in large quantity
Taking low fibre diet
Consumption of alcohol
Lack of physical activity
In case of – change in bowel habits, diarrhea or constipation that lasts longer than four weeks, blood in stool, Persistent abdominal discomfort, cramps or pain, Weakness, fatigue or Unexplained weight loss One must consult a specialist.
COLORECTAL CANCER: DIAGNOSIS
Diagnosis is made by Colonoscopy
Tissue sample is take with the help of a colonoscope
Biopsy is done for the confirmation of cancer
CT Scan helps in staging the disease
MRI Scan may be done in case of rectal cancer
Open surgery or Laparoscopic surgery may be done
Chemotherapy is required in advanced stage
Taking precautions may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer
Avoid eating fatty food
Eat Red or processed meat in low quantity
Include plenty of vegetable and fruits in diet
Eat more of high fibre diet
Maintain adequate Hydration
Regular Exercise and physical activity is must
Treating colon cancer at its early stage provides the great chance for cure.